There is hardly anything more cruel andmeaningless than genocide. The most surprising thing is that this phenomenon arose not in the gloomy and fanatical Middle Ages, but in the progressive 20th century. One of the most monstrous massacres was the genocide in Rwanda, which occurred in 1994. According to different data, then in this country for 100 days, from 500 thousand to 1 million people were killed. The question immediately arises: "In the name of what?"
Reasons and participants
The genocide in Rwanda is the result of an age-oldconflict between the two socio-ethnic groups in the region, Hutu and Tutsi. Hutu was about 85% of the people of Rwanda, and the Tutsi - 14%. The last ethnic group, being in the minority, since olden times was considered the ruling elite. During the period 1990-1993. in the territory of this African country, a civil war was aflame. In April 1994, as a result of the military coup, a provisional government consisting of representatives of the Hutu people came to power. With the help of the army and militia units "impuzamugambi" and "interahamwe", the government began the extermination of the Tutsis, as well as the moderate Hutus. From the Tutsi side, the Rwandese Patriotic Front, aimed at the destruction of the Hutu, took part in the conflict. July 18, 1994 in the country was restored relative peace. But 2 million Hutu emigrated from Rwanda, for fear of retribution. Thus, it is not surprising that when the word "genocide" is mentioned, it immediately appears in Rwanda's mind.
Genocide in Rwanda: horrifying facts
State radio, which was underHutu control, propagated hatred against the Tutsi. It was through him that the actions of pogromists were often coordinated, for example, information was transmitted about places of shelter for potential victims.
Nothing breaks the way of human life so much asgenocide. Rwanda is a vivid proof of this statement. So, at this time, about 20 thousand children were conceived, most of which were the fruits of violence. Modern Rwandan single mothers are persecuted by society with its traditional perception of victims of rape, and even often are infected with HIV.
11 days after the start of the genocide, at the stadium"Gatvaro" was collected 15 thousand Tutsi. This was done only to kill more people at the same time. The organizers of this massacre launched tear gas into the crowd, and then began to fire at people and throw grenades at them. Although it seems impossible, but in this horror survived a girl named Albertina. Severely wounded, she hid under a pile of dead, among whom were her parents, brothers and sisters. Only the next day, Albertina was able to reach the hospital, where raids of "Tutsi sweeps" also took place.
The genocide in Rwanda made them forget their vows andrepresentatives of the Catholic clergy. So, more recently, within the framework of the International Tribunal of the United Nations, the case of Catholic priest Atanaz Seromba was considered. He was accused of participating in a conspiracy, which resulted in the extermination of 2,000 Tutsi refugees. According to the testimony of witnesses, this priest gathered refugees in the church, where they were attacked by the Hutus. Then he ordered the destruction of the church with a bulldozer.</ p>