Reflections always inspired mystics and psychics who believe that in the mirror we see not ourselves, but our counterpart from the parallel world.
This image, like a fire, you can watchfor a long time, unable to tear our eyes away from the shaky, elusive shimmering and flickering, of which, as a pattern in a kaleidoscope, our funny, now sad, sometimes mysterious, and sometimes horrible, copy develops.
Even the usual repetition of the image of an object onthe water surface does not leave the observer indifferent, what can we say about the enchanting image that arose on the fixed surface of the landscapes? Reflections are very popular among artists and designers of all stripes as an artistic device for enhancing perception and creating a volumetric effect.
How to make a reflection in the water in Photoshop?
The creator of the "Photoshop" editor, petdesigners, photographers and ordinary users, could not but assume that the demand for reflections will be so great, therefore, in the arsenal of its tools, there are many functions that facilitate the creation of this effect.
The simplest "mirroring", for example,object on a smooth surface, there will be a duplicate (right click on the object layer: "Create duplicate layer"). It should be moved on the canvas down under the original and use the command "Flip Vertical" in the menu "Edit> Transformation", if you have "Photoshop" in Russian, if in English, then: Edit> Transform> Flip Vertical.
Then the bottom of the result"blur" by creating a copy of the mask on the layer, which is filled with a linear gradient "from black to transparent." To do this, use the Shift key to draw a vertical line (one or more) if the tick in the "Inversion" checkbox on the toolbar at the top.
Further, the opacity of this layer is reduced to the required level (depending on the nature of the surface and the features of the object itself).
The described method reproduces only the principle of constructing an effect, since to mirror, for example, a sphere, is one thing, and a cube, a cylinder, a pyramid, a complex figure or a group of objects is somewhat different.
The result (duplicate layer) can be filled with the samegradient "from black to transparent" in the fast mask mode. Then, having disabled it by clicking again on the icon in the toolbar, you should end the reflection with a few clicks of the Delete key. This option does not require reducing the opacity of the finished layer.
Many Photoshop lessons mirror the majestic castles and palaces in the water. We, too, will not be an exception: let's look at one of these lessons and create a realistic reflection of the castle in the water.
Step 1. Create a "reflection" in "Photoshop"
Downloading the image to the editor, we need to go to"Image> Canvas Size". After that, you should increase the canvas down to the height of the image, adding a place for the future water surface, which will "reflect" the castle.
Having completed the familiar procedure, that is, creating a copy of the image, reflecting it vertically and moving it on the canvas and in the layers palette down, we get it quite plausible "mirroring" in the water. But this is only the beginning.
Create in our image under the copy layerA new layer and fill the bottom half with the color of "water". Then, by linking the "layers" layers of water and reflection, add the mask mask to our result and fill it down from the horizon line with a linear gradient "from black to transparent" to make it "immerse in water".
Next, right-click on the thumbnailand selecting "Select pixels", go to "Filter> Blur> Blur in Motion". We set the angle to 90 degrees, and the offset is 10 px (these are parameters specifically for this image, you can have your own).
Now that the reflection in the water is created, to make it realistic, we simulate ripples on it using the "Displace map".
Step 2. Cover the reflection with "ripples"
To create the "Bias Map" we need a new document ("File> New") with a 1: 2 aspect ratio, the width of which should be about 2 times smaller than the width of the main image.
Now just follow the commands. Go to "Filter> Noise> Add noise" and set the effect to a maximum (400%). Then go to "Filter> Blur> Gaussian Blur" and set the radius to 2 px.
Switch to the Layers palette"Channels", select only the red channel, go to "Filter> Stylize> Stamping" and set the angle to 180 degrees, height 1 and the effect to the maximum (500%). The same will be done on the green channel, only the angle will be set at 90 degrees.
Now to create the right perspectiveimage, we need to push the bottom of it forward, for which we go to "Editing> Transform> Perspective" and maximally stretch the lower corners in the sides.
If it turned out, as in the figure above, go to"Image> Image Size". Remove the checkmark from the checkbox. Trying to keep the proportions, reduce the height to the width, so that the image becomes square. Without leaving the editor, we keep our "Map of bias" in the PSD format (Ctrl + S).
Step 3. Transfer the "wave ripples" to the image
We return to the main document, stand onlayer reflection on its miniature and select (the tool "Rectangular selection") the lower mirror in the water part of the picture, where we intend to "result in a ripple".
Go to "Filter> Distort> Offset" and set the scale horizontally 30, vertically 60, and also select "Stretch" and "Repeat boundary pixels".
Having confirmed the specified parameters, clicking on OK,select in the opened window "Selecting the displacement map" your map in PSD format and carefully evaluate the effect. If something went wrong, for example, "ripples" went into "excitement", you can go back to the "Offset" filter ("Edit> Step Back") and adjust the scale.
To arrive at this result, as in the pictureabove, it is necessary to have more than the initial skills of working in "Photoshop". Although the author of the lesson that we used, he called it "Photoshop for beginners ...". So, if you take the first steps and everything has turned out all right, you can be proud of yourself.
Step 4. The finishing touches: making the reflection in the water realistic
Next, the image should add realism. The task can be partially solved if you slightly darken the area of the water's edge. To do this, on the new layer above the others, create a narrow selection along the horizon line. Fill it with black, remove the selection and blur the "Gaussian Blur" filter with a radius of about 20 px. Then on this layer change the blending mode to "Soft Color" and reduce the opacity to about 80%. If necessary, you can slightly reduce the saturation of the image by setting the value of about 30 on the adjustment layer "Hue / Saturation".
Other Reflection Techniques
In the example above, to simulaterealistic "reflection" used noise, transformed with the help of other filters in a kind of "wave ripples". But to make a reflection in the water "Photoshop" can be not only indirect methods, but also with the help of special filters from the extensive gallery of the editor.
"Ripples from ocean waves"
In the gallery there is a filter "Ocean waves" from the group"Distortion". If you successfully configure the "Wave size" and "Wave strength" parameters, you can get a completely believable reflective effect, slightly flipped with a light disorderly ripple. This does not happen from the wind, but on the mirror surface, disturbed by something.
The effect may be far from perfect, but if you try this filter in combination with other functions, it can turn out to be more realistic.
Reflection in water with a halftone pattern
Nevertheless, to simulate the "ripples" lessons Photoshopmost often suggest using a displacement map, an example of which is described above. The filter "Halftone pattern / Halftone Pattern" from the group "Sketch" / Sketch is applied. As a basis for the map create a new document on a separate layer and fill it with white.
In the filter settingsselect "Pattern Type" / Line, and "Size" and "Contrast" - depending on the nature of the image. Their average values will fluctuate somewhere between 10-15 ("Size") and 3-7 ("Contrast").
By assigning a name, the map is saved (Ctrl + Shift + S) in PSD format and at the right time is applied similarly to the example described above (section "Step 3. Transfer the" wave ripples "to the image").
It's no secret that most of the lessons for "Photoshop" -this translations from English, less often from other languages. At the same time, a lot of interesting lessons only in English. What do those who have "Photoshop" in Russian (that is, with Russifier)?
In order to switch to English(temporarily), it's enough to rename (you can change just one symbol) a file with the extension .dat, which you will find in the Support Files folder (C: Program FilesAdobeAdobe Photoshop CS ... Localesru_RU).
Return to Russian you can by restoring the original file name with the extension .dat.</ p>