The profession of an educator is very ancient and honorable. When it appeared, it is difficult to say, but it is known that its history began in Ancient Greece. In those days, wealthy families were a slave who was engaged in raising children. He accompanied him to school. In the rest of the time he protected the child from various kinds of dangers, followed his development, involuntarily forming his actions and behavior. The slave was called a teacher, which translated from Greek meant "a schoolmaster." Later, a home educator appeared. And the profession itself educator arose after the popularization of public education.
The character of a person, his life position, viewsand moral principles are laid down in childhood. That is why the competence, education, comprehensive development of the educator's personality acquires immense social significance. This work is very responsible, because in the process it is formed not only a new person, but also a new citizen of the state. In the process of preschool education, the child's attitude to society, to work, to himself is formed. That, in turn, causes its further development.
The profession of an educator requires a diploma to graduate from secondary or higher professional education.
Qualities that are necessary when working as a tutor:
- Desire and interest in working with children.
- Creative thinking and creativity.
- The educator should be friendly, sympathetic, tactful.
- Attention and memory should be well developed.
- Good organization.
- Emotional stability.
- Clear and competent speech, erudition, general culture.
- Excellent managerial qualities.
- Normative-legal acts and other program-methodological documents on pre-school education and the rights of the child.
- Pedagogy and methods of preschool education.
- Children, age, pedagogical and social psychology, as well as the anatomy and physiology of children.
- The fundamentals of defectology.
- Literary, artistic and musical repertoire.
- Different methods of teaching and developing children.
- Rules for the protection of children's health and life.
- Fundamentals of pre-medical care.
The teacher should be able to:
To understand the problem of the child, to find contact with any of the children.
Maintain discipline, but avoid crude methods.
To apply in their work different methods of education, education and development.
Identify the inclinations and interests of each of the children and tell parents about it, in order to develop the child's abilities in the future.
Communicate and resolve conflicts with parents.
Description of activities
The teacher organizes and conductsworks on the mental, physical, labor, moral and aesthetic development of children, and also prepares them for school. Teaches the skills of recognizing numbers and letters, verbal account, modeling, drawing, singing. Engaged in the development of children's speech, their thinking, introduces the aesthetic and ethical rules and norms, with works of art.
Develops children's observation, creativeinitiative, ingenuity, independence. The educator instills in children the skills of communication, develops politeness, truthfulness, benevolence, friendliness and other socially significant qualities. Helps to strengthen the health of pupils with the help of physical exercises and hardening, organizes a strict regime of classes and rest.
Complies with sanitary and hygienic standards inindoors, forms children's personal hygiene skills. Controls the quality and timeliness of nutrition of pupils, their behavior during meals. Attempts to involve children in labor. Conducts consultations of parents on the issues of strengthening the health, upbringing and education of children. On the educator lies a great responsibility for the health and life of the wards.
In order to be successful in modernsystem of education, it is necessary to constantly improve their knowledge. Unfortunately, with each passing year, the knowledge gained loses its relevance. Therefore self-education of the educator is the most effective way of improving pedagogical skills.
Self-education is the work of a teacher indeepening and expanding previously obtained theoretical knowledge. And also this improvement and the acquisition of new professional skills that meet the requirements of modern pedagogy and psychology.
Categories of educators
Educators wishing to raise wages,can submit a statement that they want to pass the certification to obtain the first or highest category. Each category is given for a period of 5 years, after this period it must be confirmed in the same manner. Passing attestation in writing or using a computer answer questions related to their professional activities. After the end of the trial, the commission decides whether or not the subject meets the post.
In the pre-school educational institution (DOW), the basic pedagogical staff consists of senior and junior educators.
The senior teacher is engaged in organizationeducational and educational process in the kindergarten, its activities are connected with the methodical work. He is also called a Methodist. Together with the head this specialist participates in the management of the staff of the Dow, selects cadres, develops and implements new programs and pedagogical plans. Ensures that there are enough books, toys, games in groups. Cooperates with other DOW, as well as schools, museums, children's centers.
Senior educator is engaged inopen classes, seminars, individual and group consultations. He works with the parents of children: he prepares stands for various topics, folder-moving and so on.
The junior tutor helps the primary educator to properly organize the sleep and rest of children in the group, monitors healthy and proper nutrition.
His duties are:
- brings and distributes food;
- removes the dishes from the tables and wastes it;
- He washes the children and washes their hands;
- conducts twice a day wet cleaning and airs the room;
- changes bed linen;
- removes playgrounds;
- helps to dress children before walking and undress after it.
Organizations in which a provider can work
In fact, they are not so little.
- State or private kindergarten.
- Center for Social Assistance to Families and Children.
- Developing center.
- Bodies of guardianship and guardianship.
The work of the educator does not involve a largecareer growth. Of course, there is an opportunity to become the head of a kindergarten. Or, for example, to do business by opening a private kindergarten or organizing a development center.
Teachers usually work in shifts (day or evening), indoors or outdoors (during walks and outdoor activities).
In conclusion, we can say that the professionthe educator is certainly topical and in demand in the modern world. And people who have devoted their whole lives to working with children deserve praise and great respect. The work of a teacher is complex, but it is repeatedly rewarded by the love of children.</ p>