How the kinusayga was born
If a simple patchwork was distributed almosteverywhere, then patchwork without needles came up in Japan. This was done by Maeno Takashi, and most recently, in 1987. The purpose of the new creativity was the same as the usual patchwork sewing - to attach somewhere old things. The main clothes of Japanese women were traditionally kimono. Beautiful, gentle to the touch, made of expensive silk. Of course, even worn out they are a pity to throw out. So they began to create masterpieces from them, at the sight of which the spirit captures. They called such a patchwork without the needle of the kinusage.
Despite the fact that this kind of needlework originated inJapan, even there very few people do it. The reason for this is the hard work. Pictures are only performed by hand. Therefore, each, even the most simple in the story, becomes a work of art.
A patchwork without a needle, the master class of which is given below, in fact, is not so difficult to carry out. Step by step the process technology is as follows.
1. Take a board.
2. The picture is selected.
3. This pattern is applied to the plaque and to the paper, it is better than the tracing paper, because it is transparent.
4. Each fragment is numbered. Check whether the numbers on the paper and on the plate match. They must necessarily coincide.
5. The paper is cut into drawn sections.
6. On the board on all the lines are made grooves (grooves). Their depth should be within 2 mm, and the width - less than 1 mm.
7. Paper fragments with something, for example, pins, are fixed on the tissues of the right colors and circled with a few millimeters allowance along each contour.
8. Cut out shreds and fit according to their numbers on the plate.
9. Using any suitable tool, the edges of the shreds are pushed into the grooves.
All. It remains to insert the picture in the appropriate box.
Difficulties of Japanese patchwork
Involuntarily wondering if patchwork withoutNeedles are so simple, why are the paintings in this style so expensive? Their cost starts from tens of dollars, and the exclusive works cost several thousand. The fact is that a good picture, as a rule, contains a mass of tiny fragments. Sometimes their number is more than a hundred. All these scraps are located not as horrible, but as if the artist painted oil painting. The tone of the scraps is carefully selected to convey the magical beauty of the dawn, the tenderness of the blossoming cherry blossoms or the charm of the fall foliage fireworks. That's why the real kinusage is so difficult. Patchwork without a needle requires great perseverance, attention and talent. You can create an image yourself, but you can also take a ready-made template. But in any case, you need to observe a combination of color scales, accurately withstand the transition from light to shadow, perform a lot of small details, so that the picture "comes to life."
Where to begin
If the soul was attached to the Japanese patchworkcreativity, but so far there is no experience, no confidence, no trouble. The main thing is a desire. Kinusayga for beginners also exists. Its technology is the same as for experienced masters. The only difference is in the composition of the picture. It is desirable to start by choosing simple schemes in which there are few fragments and there is no great need to withstand tones and halftones. In this case, very suitable images of animals, for example, a cock or a parrot. Scraps here you can pick up any, and do not worry, if somewhere they will not fit well. The main thing is to fill your hand.
You can also advise to make fly agaric. As they say, unpretentiously and with taste. To simplify the task, the red part of the bonnet is best done not as a complete one, but divided into several fragments.
Also for beginners, abstractpictures consisting of geometric figures - squares, triangles, circles. If you successfully choose colors, it will turn out beautifully. Some people like this style even more than classical realism.
Substitutes for planks
Large patchwork without a needle
Still further went those who, together with the tissuesuses other materials, for example gilded or simple threads. Also, some masters on the already assembled from the shreds of the picture attach beads, rhinestones or beads. More often such elements are added in children's themes or for registration of New Year's toys, caskets, gift boxes.
Christmas toys in the style of kinusage
Create by Japanese technology can be anyObjects, the use of which does not involve mechanical deformations, for example, during the game. So, patchwork without needles, craftsmen use for toys on the Christmas tree, Easter eggs, Valentine's Day gifts and other cute little things. To make any of them, the same foam is taken, only not ceiling tiles, but pieces of thick plates. Of them, cut the blanks of the desired shape. It can be balls, hearts, cones, any others. If there is no plate of the required thickness, the workpiece can be glued from the fragments. Further work is carried out on a general principle. Craftsmen for round balls are advised to take stretch, knitwear or velvet, because these fabrics fit better on the bulges. Some masters of shreds to polystyrene paste, to better hold. Very beautiful look such crafts, decorated with gold threads, "snow" from the same polystyrene or finely chopped rain.
Caskets and boxes
A few tips in conclusion
The technique of kinusayga for beginners canseem difficult, especially if the edges of the shreds do not want to stick in the grooves. Some try to glue them, but from this the final result worsens. It is better to try to make the grooves a bit already and a little deeper.
Choosing an exposition of the future picture, it is desirableavoid complex, too bizarre forms. Masters of Japanese patchwork often create landscape compositions or "paint" city blocks, houses and yards with scraps. More rarely you can see flowers in the pictures. Even less often people, especially people. After all, it is almost impossible to make the face of the shreds like a living thing.
In order not to make a mistake and not to confuse shreds, before you start to push them into the grooves, you need to visually evaluate the future picture, because the pieces of cloth are already laid out on the board.</ p>