Chess battles are no longer popular firstcentury. Originally from the East, this game won the recognition of Europeans and took pride of place among sports. As befits a serious sport, chess has its own structure, its own rules and, consequently, its own terminology. One of the basic chess terms, which will be discussed below, is the endgame. This is the third, final stage of the party. There is a term from the German language. The literal meaning of the word "endgame" is "the end of the game." However, not every consummation of a party can be called this term, therefore it is necessary to understand it more in detail.
Characteristic features of the endgame
So, the endgame is such a condition of the game, whenthe board left a small number of figures. As a rule, in such cases complex combinations and attacks on the king are impossible. Therefore, in the endgame there are several different principles of the game. Speaking about the essence of the final part of the party, we should not forget about the characteristic strategic features that are characteristic for intellectual competitions, one of which, without a doubt, is chess. The endgame assumes a tactic not aimed at setting up a trap for the king, but for advancing a pawn to return the preemptive figures, mainly the queen. Therefore, compared to other stages of the game, the value of pawns is especially increased in the endgame. Often the outcome of a game can be determined by the player's advantage in only one rank-and-file figure.
Another feature that differs fromother endings of the game endgame, is the activity of the king. Since he is practically not threatened with mate, the king takes part in attacks and strategic constructions on a par with other figures.
If in the middle of the game, when the game fieldis compelled by figures, the numerical superiority on one side can be an advantage, then the endgame is a situation where the outcome of a battle is affected not by the number of pieces, but by the clear, well-coordinated interaction of the few remaining.
Meaning of figures
The endgame is a difficult stage of the game. Based on the positions, existing figures and strategy of the players, different types of endgames are singled out. The choice of one of them depends on many factors. In any case, it is important to ensure that all of its figures are sufficiently active. This also applies to pawns, because at times, it is their role that comes to the fore, and the outcome of the game depends on their coordinated movements across the board. On the other hand, the need for activity also applies to other figures, since if they only cover their pawns, they will lose their game potential in vain. At the same time, it is necessary to limit the mobility of enemy figures as much as possible by repelling obstacles to pawns and forcing his figures to remain passive, performing only a defensive role.
Correctly played endgame often leads to zugzwang.
Basics of classification
Since the endgame is a game of few figures, itit is easy enough to study, analyze and classify. Theoretical training of the player here is more important than ever. Some positions in the endgame have only one possible winning decision, and therefore it is easy to play it to someone who is prepared for the game.
Detailed classification of possible variationsThe endgame is based on two factors - on the number of available forces and on their quality. Permanent tournaments and games of outstanding players offer numerous endgame variants for analysis and study. Their number is constantly increasing. Those that are already thoroughly studied, are called theoretical. On their basis, common patterns, tactics and strategic rules of the game are revealed. Many of the theoretical endgames are already more than one century old, and some have entered the professional chess world together with the game itself from its ancient prototypes.
Types of endgames
There is no main kind of it. A gold, diamond or diamond endgame, like any other "most-most", is only the personal preferences of one or another player.
In general, there are six main types:
- The pawn is the endgame, where, except for the king, there are no other figures on the board.
- Konevoy is the endgame, in which, besides pawns, horses are also playing.
- Endgame, where one side has an elephant, which is opposed by the enemy's horse.
- Endgame, in which an elephant or a horse is forced to fight with an enemy rook.
- A rookie is an endgame when opponents cut their rooks.
- Endgame, where an enemy queen is playing against a single player.
To perfectly play the endgame, the playerit is required not only to be able to accurately calculate the moves and to anticipate the enemy's actions, but also to know the internal laws and mechanisms of chess competitions. There is practically no luck in the endgame situation.</ p>