Kanzashi is part of the traditional Japanesecostume, floral hair accessory, created from scraps of cloth. Now this technique is used for various ornaments: brooches, rims, pins. But it can also be used to decorate topiary, bouquets of satin ribbons and various panels. Most often in this kind of needlework satin ribbons are used, but sometimes flowers are created from cotton fabric.
History of the origin of Kanzash in Japan
The art of Kanzash appeared in the period of Jomon,When the Japanese wore silken flowers on their long stem in their hair. It was believed that such accessories possessed magical power and could drive away evil spirits. During the Nara period, this kind of needlework was influenced by Chinese cultural values. During the Heian period, it became fashionable for women to wear hair gathered from behind, not from above, as before. Kanzash has become a common term for any type of hair ornament. From the Azuti-Momoyama period, further changes in the traditional hairstyle began and nihongami (traditional Japanese styling) and taregami (long and straight hair) appeared. In both variants, hair accessory was used.
The development of Kanzash in the Edo period
In the Edo period, the Kansas technique became even morepopular, as the hairstyles became more thoughtful and complex. Masters at this time began to create complex accessories to emphasize kimono and various hair styles. In addition to the usual decoration function, ribbon products were created as a weapon to protect against encroachment and often indicated the status of a woman.
To become a master of this art in Japan,it was necessary to learn from professionals to work with the technique of tsumami (the art of folding petals) for 5-10 years. Kansashi Tsumami - the official name of this type of traditional Japanese needlework in the Tokyo region since 1982.
Tulips kanzashi from the satin ribbons: master class
Consider the technique of working with satin ribbons on the example of tulips. Let's make a basket with these flowers for decorating the interior or as a gift to loved ones.
For work you will need:
- ribbon width 2.5 cm in different colors for buds;
- green tape with a width of 0.6 mm, 4 or 5 cm;
- organza or other fabric;
- decorative elements kansasas made of ribbons - beads, beads, rhinestones;
- artificial berries and insects;
- PVA glue;
- blackened mango;
- glue gun;
- sisal green;
- candle or lighter.
At the first stage of the master class "Tulips of Kansasfrom satin ribbons »we prepare petals for flowers. To do this, cut the ribbon in 2.5 cm into 4 cm wide pieces. We round them on one side to get leaves of natural shape. For one tanzan kanzashi will need 9 petals. We scorch the edges over the candle, bending them with the wrong side inward. We turn the other side, make two wrinkles, and, holding the edge with tweezers, also fix it over the fire. We process all the shreds in this way.
We make stamens and leaves for tulips
Ready-made artificial stamens need a littlemodify. Take the PVA glue and the blackened manga, dip the blanks first into the glue, and then into the groats. We knead with fingers, giving an oblong shape, and dry it. Now you need to make the leaves. For them, we take a green ribbon with a width of 4 or 5 cm. We cut them into pieces about 8 cm long. Each segment is cut diagonally.
Easier and faster fold the tape several times. For each tulip Kanzas need two leaves. The straight edge is cut slightly diagonally, the lower right corner is rounded so that the leaf shape becomes more natural. At the resulting blanks, we sing out edges, slightly bending the tip. We take a thin green ribbon, we tie a knot and cut it off with a small tail. One flower will require one knot.
Before you make a kanzashi tulip,we distribute all the elements to separate heaps. Collect the flower: we glue the edges of the nodule with a pistol and attach to it 3 stamens, straightening them in different directions. We connect the petals, applying a drop of glue on the lower edge and connecting it with the knot. The middle is formed from 3 petals. The remaining layers are stuck in a checkerboard pattern. Make the necessary number of colors. We glue two leaves on each side of each bud. Lower the edge of the cut. Then we prepare the base for the bouquet: put a ball of crumpled paper in the basket, cover it with a cloth and fix it with an adhesive gun. At the edge of the basket we attach the sisal. We have Kanzash tulips on the surface and fix it with glue. The basket with flowers is ready!</ p>