In order to build their own hands the house is notjust enough hands and high diligence, you need to be disciplined and have golden hands, because everything, from digging trenches, requires the strength, experience and knowledge of the process, and it's worth it! The foundation pouring with your own hands is justified by the fact that all of its technology will have to be supervised itself, be sure that the waterproofing of the base of the house is ensured, and hence its durability.
An indispensable condition that must be respected,when the foundation is flooded - this time, by the way, is very tight. The first, even minor precipitation, will make the soil soft, loose and, it is necessary to compact it, to remove water. After the trenches have been dug to the depth of freezing, the axils of the foundations are filled with soil, and a 20-30 centimeter cushion of rubble or sand is laid out on the bottom of the foundation pit, and then a 20-30 centimeter cushion of rubble or sand is used. In private housing, this type of foundation, as a band, is usually applied. This is one of the most time-consuming and expensive ways, but you can, firstly, save a lot of money, and secondly - build on any ground a building of any weight, even with columns, ground floors, underground garages and cellars.
Before the time comes the final chord -pouring the foundation with your own hands, you need to solve the following tasks: - to consider how much concrete will be needed, and what - preferably, it should be factory, balanced and uniform, rather liquid, like sour cream; - purchase a deep vibrator, which is required for ramming the solution, you can, of course, carry out this work with the help of a shovel, chopper or armature. After that, the shuttering is done through the entire contour. This stage of the work requires great care, otherwise after the first wintering the foundation will begin to break down. The banding of the basement in the event that there are no additional upper stiffeners is first produced not completely - leave a couple, a little more, centimeters to the formwork, and if there is, then leave it on the day cool down, remove the ribs, top up the solution and level with the trowel surface. After the pouring of the foundation is almost completely ready, make iron. This procedure is as follows: another raw concrete is evenly sprinkled with dry, sifted, cement powder. As a result of ironing, the foundation is stronger, it grasps faster.
Then watch how the concrete dries up: in hot weather, so as not to crack, the foundation is periodically moistened, and in the rainy - sheltered to provide within one week normal conditions for grasping the foundation. When the foundation is fully ready, it remains only to process it, and then, after all these rules are fulfilled, you can safely proceed to erect walls. Filling the foundation with your own hands does not end there. Recent work is related to the removal of the formwork. Determine when it was time for it, simply - between the foundation and the formwork, cracks are found, and the boards with which the foundation was concealed have moved away from the surface. All the fasteners, spacers, supports that were used to fix the form of the basement foundation, and a hammer rattling the formwork are heard from the foundation guard. Then it is taken out, if somewhere the boards give in with difficulty, gently help themselves with a shovel or other tool, since the foundation is still moist. The foundationment with its own hands is considered to be performed completely and completely when the foundation is freed from the timber boards and defects.
Subsequently, during the week, the foundationdaily moistened with cold water to help it gain strength and eliminate moisture yield. It is worth noting that such a process as pouring the foundation with your own hands with a certain skill, the task is not so complicated, and as a result gives a significant economic effect.</ p>