Probably, it is not necessary to speak once again about that,why do we need snow removal equipment for the house. With their hands such an assembly, despite some complexity of construction, even a beginner can make. To do this, you need to acquire the appropriate material, a certain amount of patience and get to work. Why do it yourself? The technique bought in the store is, no doubt, good, but it's worth a lot of pleasure. In any case, the final result will be one, which we actually need.
A little about the design
Before proceeding with the assembly process, I would like towould like to say a few words about how the snowplower is working and out of which basic parts and components. In operation all the nodes are driven by an engine. The design provides for screw blades or simply auger snow picker. In addition, there is a vane assembly, it is located in the depth of the mechanism and is an impeller.
By the way, snow-removal equipment for the house with its ownhands are not made as long and hard as one might think. But in order to make the assembly process as fast as possible, you need to have everything you need at hand.
The principle of operation of the machine is as followsway: the motor transmits a torque to the auger via a gear. He removes the snow and adds snow to the rotor blade. Then the snow mass is sent to the outlet branch pipe.
Homemade snow-removal technology for home: a choice of components
If we firmly decided to harvest snowmachine, then we will need a certain tool and material, as already mentioned. At the first stage it is important to choose the right power element, simply speaking, the engine. In general, it can be removed from anything, the main thing to adhere to the turnover, which should not be more than 1500 rpm, although if a reducer is provided, this is not a problem.
Of course, the motor itself is useless. We will need to make a frame structure, which in priority should consist of a metal pipe and a steel corner. You also need to make auger and impeller, although these items can also be bought. If the design is two-stage, then it is necessary to provide a reducer. It's difficult to make it, but you can buy it at auction without any problems. Only after that, your homemade snow-removal equipment for the house will work. Now let's move on to the practical part.
How is the snow-removal equipment for the house made with chainsaws
We have already figured out that as a forceelement we will take the engine from the chainsaw. It does not matter what brand he is. Therefore, the technical characteristics of the motor can be ignored, the main thing is that it works.
Determine in advance the type of snowplower. It will be auger, rotary or two-stage. For example, the rotary model is made the easiest. Even if you do not have experience in such events, with a high probability you will cope with the task.
To assemble it you will need a gasolinethe engine from a chainsaw, for a rotor and blades the steel of a thickness of 2 mm will approach. For the body of the unit, it is possible to take steel and aluminum sheets of smaller thickness. The design is extremely simple. Through a chain drive, the motor transfers rotation to the shaft, which is connected to the rotor and mounted to the bearings.
Screw conveyor design
In this case, the build process is somewhat morelabour intensive. This is due to some factors, which will be discussed a little later. From the pipes and corners it is necessary to make a frame. As for its dimensions, it is necessary to be guided by the dimensions of the engine. Since in our case we are talking about a power element from a chainsaw that has small dimensions, it will be enough to have a frame of 50x70 cm. In this case, it is desirable to make a bucket of 50x30 cm.
The auger is manufactured as follows. Take a suitable pipe, in the center of which is installed a blade 270x120. You also need to make the screws. It is desirable to make them out of rubber used in conveyor belts (conveyor belt) or steel. The latter option is more preferable. Screws and a shovel should be made of steel not more than 2-3 mm thick. Without a doubt, it's easy to make a snow-removal technique for the house with your own hands, you can see its drawings in this article, but it needs a high-quality assembly.
About the design in detail
In this article, a lot has been said aboutchoosing the power element. If you plan to take the motor from a chainsaw, then the power should be in the range of 4-7 horsepower. Of course, deviations are permissible both in one and the other side. You probably know that many people prefer an electric motor. So, this is a very good option. But we need to understand that in most cases air cooling is used, which needs additional protection from snow. You can implement this in many ways.
As for the working area of the unit,50 centimeters will be enough. Less undesirable, more you can, but not much. In general, such an aggregate is not enough for constant operation under difficult conditions, but here is to clean the road to the garage, workshop, etc. at home is quite enough. Now let's look at how simple snow-plowing technology is made for the house with our own hands. Photos of this machine can be found in the article.
All ingenious is simple!
As the screw body is used roofingmaterial, and for pits is quite applicable plywood. Its thickness should not be less than 10 mm. If we take less, then the walls will not turn out to be the strongest, and consequently - not very reliable. To make a quality frame, many experts recommend the use of a 50x50 mm corner, and the handle is best made of ½ inch pipe. As for the shaft or a suitable pipe, then ¾ inch is what you need. With the installation site of the scapula we have already figured out, so go ahead.
As for the mechanism, everything is simple. We have a two-auger auger, which moves the snow to the blade. The latter throws her around. Most likely, you will encounter the fact that the diameter of the bearings will be less than the diameter of the pipe, that is, our shaft. In this case, it must be cut to the appropriate size.
We continue assembly work
Installation of the safety pin is necessary forexcluding the possibility of hitting pieces of ice. In addition, this pin can act as a belt guard, if you, of course, decided to use this particular gear. Again, if a snowplow is made for the house with your own hands from an electric motor, it is planned to protect the air intake from ingress of foreign elements. Naturally, the body of the unit makes a little more auger. It is advisable to add a few centimeters on each side. If the chainsaw engine is involved elsewhere, it is desirable that it be quickly put and removed from the frame.
I would like to draw your attention to the runningcar part. Since the unit is planned to be used in severe weather conditions, it should be easy to work with. For example, the snowplow technique made for the house with its own hands "Snowstorm" has a wheelbase. This is very convenient, but not always. Especially if you need to buy wheels. In this case, it is much easier and cheaper to make skis. You can make them quickly and easily.
To do this, take appropriate sizeWooden blocks and for increased slip are attached to them plastic lining. Simple and convenient. Do not forget to install the swivel chute. It is necessary to direct the snow in the right direction. To do this, take a pipe with a diameter of about 16 cm. In the end, you should get a kind of channel from the auger itself.
Here we are and talked about howindependently make a snow-removing machine. As you can see, there is nothing complicated here. You will need a certain number of fasteners, a welding machine and a little patience, since not always everything is obtained from the first time. For example, it is better to make a motor platform from the corners 25x25 and install it in a suitable place on the frame by welding.
But the way to mount the engine to the platform youchoose yourself. If the design is quick-detachable, then detachable fasteners are used, if not, then the engine is fixed rigidly. In principle, now you can proceed directly to the assembly, as the theory became familiar.</ p>