Today, a growing number of future parents are serious about preparing for the appearance of a baby in their family. For them, pregnancy is a well-planned event, not an accident.

Now medicine has stepped far and is able to identifymany problems with the health of future parents, affecting the bearing of a child, even before his conception. Therefore, conscious future mothers and daddies prefer pregnancy planning, where to start - the question that inevitably arises in them at the same time.

First it is necessary to change a way of life:

  • quit smoking, including passively, and drink alcohol;
  • start eating properly;
  • sleep 8 hours a day;
  • take vitamins (especially E and folic acid);
  • walk at least an hour a day in the open air;
  • exclude stress and emotions;
  • moderate exercise will be useful 3 times a week (swimming pool, fitness, yoga);
  • Must fully rest and not overwork;
  • refuse to take medication, if necessary, choose safe analogs.

Parents who chose planningpregnancy, where to start and most importantly when, worried especially strongly. It is worth doing at least a few months, and better six months before the alleged conception.

In addition, a medicalexamination in the planning of pregnancy, which consists in the delivery of the necessary tests and visits to doctors. And it should be done as a future mom, and daddy. Here is the list of specialists you need to consult:

  • therapist;
  • dentist;
  • ENT;
  • gynecologist, oculist (for a woman);
  • the urologist (for the man);
  • geneticist.

The rest of the doctors are visited according to indications or in the presence of chronic diseases, which must be treated before conception.

But the list of analyzes in planningpregnancy, which doctors recommend taking in order to get an idea of ​​the state of health of future parents and possible problems in bearing a baby:

  • common urine;
  • clinical blood and its biochemistry;
  • TORCH-infection;
  • spermogram;
  • on urogenital infections;
  • Rhesus factor and blood group;
  • gynecological ultrasound (better with folliculogenesis);
  • on hormones (genital and thyroid gland);
  • a smear for cytology and flora;
  • colposcopy;
  • HIV and syphilis;
  • hepatitis B and C;
  • on blood coagulability.

This list can be adjusted byIndividual indications, both in the direction of increasing, and reducing their number. You should start with a trip to the therapist, he will help to adjust the diet, prescribe vitamins and specify the list of tests and specialists that should be taken in consideration of the diseases and the health of a particular person.

If a woman has chosen pregnancy planning, withwhat to start - the question she most often asks the obstetrician-gynecologist, whom she must visit without fail. At the first visit it is necessary to pass the analysis on flora and cytology, and also to make a colposcopy is a study of the cervix under a microscope when various solutions are applied to it. This painless procedure allows to reveal its pathology at the earliest stages.

A smear for cytology or atypical cells is taken withcervix, it helps to detect an inflammatory and malignant process. Analysis of the flora is very simple and informative. He will tell you about the presence of inflammation, trichomanders, fungi, gonococcus, gardnerell, useful microflora. These tests are taken for free in the women's clinic, in addition, the doctor will make a two-handed examination and examination of the mammary glands, these procedures can tell a lot to the gynecologist about the state of the reproductive system.

Cervical staining is also usually performediodine solution. If it occurs unevenly, then this indicates its pathology and the need for additional research. The doctor will assess the consistency and odor of secretions, as well as the condition of the mucous of the genital organs.

Obstetrician-gynecologist will necessarily ask abouttransferred diseases of the sexual sphere, pregnancies, abortions, miscarriages. Find out whether there are complaints, the duration and regularity of the cycle, the soreness and intensity of menstruation.

Therefore, the visit should be prepared, takehis female calendar, to recall all the problems that have ever been with the genitourinary system and honestly about everything to tell. To trace, whether there are any unpleasant sensations, morbidity in genitals and a stomach, suspicious allocation.

So, if you preferred randomnessplanning pregnancy, where to start and how to do everything right - the questions that concern you, then you are conscious parents. Preparation for this important event is a pledge of easy pregnancy, preserving the health of the mother and baby, and sometimes their lives.

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