Carrots are included in the main list of crops,grown by Russian farmers and gardeners. Like all root crops, this plant is not particularly demanding on the conditions of development, however, to obtain a rich harvest it will not be superfluous to initially determine the soil that carrots like and to correlate its requests with the capabilities of a particular site. In addition, the orange root crop can also co-exist with other plantings. In particular, beds of carrots are often combined with beets, which have approximately similar requirements for soil nutrition. You can also include onion and dill, but, again, paying attention to the recommendations for their cultivation.
Soil for carrots
The most favorable for growing carrotsare loamy loose and sandy types of permeable soils. Another factor of good root development will be the presence of humus (preferably content of 4%), which will further feed carrots. What kind of soil does this plant like in terms of acidity, it's easy to guess. This percentage should be minimal. In case of a deviation from the norm, the carrot loses its ability to resist diseases. It is important to take into account also what crops were grown on the site before carrots. As practice shows, root crops show good development in places where tomatoes, potatoes, cabbage, beans and greens used to be fruitful. It is also worth noting that carrots can only be planted on old soil after 4 years.
Optimum growth conditions
Carrots do not belong to photophilic crops,however, the minimum level of illumination should be ensured. If you grow this plant in the shade, then the development of the fruit will be slow, and the yield itself will decrease markedly. If soil for carrots is prepared in the open ground, then it is necessary to provide for the absence of sharp changes and slopes. The optimal density of the soil layer is 0.65 grams per cm3. In a densely and not properly cultivated land, carrots bear the fruits of non-standard branched forms, while yields are declining, not to mention taste.
Humidity indicators are also significant. Unlike many vegetable crops, carrots do not tolerate excessive moisture. This affects the root system, which under such conditions is exposed to diseases. Determining what kind of soil is needed for carrots in this plan, you can immediately turn to the groundwater table. If it is high, then the beds should be made appropriate - with a minimum height of 35 cm.
Preparing the soil for carrots
The soil for rooting must be prepared in August. At 1 m2 it is necessary to lay about 3 kg of sawdust, whichBefore use, they were insisted in a solution of urea. The calculation should be done in this way: 1 match box of urea per 1 bucket of water, as well as a half-bucket of sand and ventilated peat. In addition, granular superphosphate (2 match boxes), lime (100 g), potash fertilizers (1 box) and a half box of sodium nitrate should be added. It should be borne in mind that the soil for carrots in open ground must be properly dug up before sowing. This should be done with a bayonet to the full depth, then level the surface with rakes, sprinkle with ash and slightly moisten.
On sandy soil it is also recommended to add one bucket of peat, humus and loamy sod soil per 1 m2. Poor soils must be fertilized from autumnhumus with the addition of potassium chloride and superphosphate. This is the only way to get a more or less decent harvest. And now let's go on to a detailed description of fertilizers, which are used for carrots on different types of soil.
Fertilizers for soil for carrots
In the list of the most favorable soil fertilizersfor carrots you can immediately make peat, compost and humus. The basis is the mineral additive, thanks to which the question of what kind of soil is needed for carrots will disappear. Correctly prepared composition will give any earth the necessary trace elements. So, the mineral fertilizer includes 1 tsp. carbamide or sodium nitrate, 1 tbsp. l. powdered superphosphate in powder form and potassium chloride. When applying this fertilizer, the soil should be dug at a depth of about 30 cm. Then the beds should be compacted and trimmed. Depending on the type of soil, the following additives should also be used:
- Peaty soil is a half-bucket of coarse-grained sand (preferably river), 4 kg of compost and a bucket of turf.
- Clay soil - a bucket of peat with coarse-grained sand and 4 kg of humus.
- Light loamy soil - a similar clay composition from peat and humus (without sand).
- Sandy soil - half a bucket of humus, 2 buckets of turf with peat and 1 tbsp. l. Specialized fertilizer with humic substances and microelements.
- Chernozem soil - you can do without fertilizers, but the introduction of 2 tbsp. l. powder superphosphate will not be superfluous.
Soil for beets
Successful growth of beet will provide loam,saturated with humus. But you can remember what kind of soil carrots love under the condition of proper fertilization - its development is possible on any land with suitable conditions. It is the same with beets. The only type that hampers its growth is heavy clay soil. Without abundant watering, root crops will be very bitter, therefore it is important to control the moisture level. In general, beetroot is not particularly demanding soil - it is sufficiently moderately supplied with microelements provided that the acidity is not too high. For example, a good harvest is possible on weakly acidic soil.
To prepare the soil, it is necessary to carry out from autumndeep digging. In this case, the treatment should be carried out in two stages: first - to sneak, and a month later - to plow. By spring, the ground should be loosened and leveled. Floodplain soil for carrots and beets requires additional surface digging. In this case, beds are also made high due to the close passage of groundwater.
Fertilizers for soil under beets
Nutritious supply of soil is also done with the help of mineral fertilizers in the spring. At 1 m2 it will take about 35 g of powder superphosphate,15 g of ammonium nitrate and the same amount of potassium chloride. Poor soil is recommended to fill with organic additives, but this is already in autumn. Such a fertilizer is long-lived, so it will be possible to sow beets only after 2 years. Otherwise, the root crops will not get enough food.
Speaking about the kind of soil that likes carrots and beets,it is important to note the differences in the approaches to fertilization of these roots. So, one of the basic components of fertilizer in the case of carrots is manure. For beets it is not recommended. But this plant, like carrots, prefers moderate lighting and does not like shade.
Soil for onions
Sunny places are suitable for onions. However, from the hopelessness of the garden with him can be arranged in the light shade, the main thing is to avoid lowlands. It is very important that the soil has the opportunity to warm up and is fertile. The optimum option for onions is a moderately moist, breathable and non-acidic loam. Again we can turn to the question of what kind of soil the carrot loves and in what conditions it develops better. The main enemy is acid soil. Similarly, with onions, for planting which the land with high acidity should be limed 2-3 years before use.
When choosing the planting site, this plant is quitewe mean a crop rotation. The most favorable predecessors include tomatoes, cucumbers, cabbage, and other crops for which a suitable fertilizer was used. If we talk about neighborhood, then it is better to not find carrots for this role for onions. Calculation of which soil for carrots will suit in the context of compatibility with onions, simple - you can stay on the loam with the appropriate fertilizer. As a result, the combination will ensure good yield and mutual protection against pests.
Soil fertilization for onions
Fertilizers of organic origin should be applied in autumn: 1 m2 fill 5 kg of compost with humus and 1 kg of ash. Also, this additive can be combined with mineral components. Like beets, onions do not like fresh manure, so it should be excluded if carrots are planted nearby. What kind of soil a bow likes, it is already clear - this is loam, so we should focus on complex fertilizers. For example, use a combination of 20 g of powder superphosphate and 10 g of potassium in the fall period, and in spring, as a supplement, reinforce the composition and ammonium nitrate. It is advisable to make the mineral components shallow, since the root system of the onion can not elementary obtain the necessary substances.
Soil for dill
For dill fits loose neutral soil, andsevere is not recommended. Preparation of beds should start in the fall - this will create conditions for early planting in the spring. Also, you should repack the ground by 20 cm in depth. If the planting is planned next to the root crops, then it is worth considering how much the soil likes carrots or beets. Dill also prefers a flat surface with 2 cm grooves, leaving 20 cm between the rows. It is recommended to moisten the soil before sowing, and sprinkle loose ground from above, making a small seal. In the future, watering the seeds is not necessary, because water can carry them inside the soil.
Fertilizer for soil under dill
Even before sowing, fertilizer should be introduced into the ground: a half-bucket of humus per 1 m2 with the addition of nitrofoski. Selecting other compounds, it is necessary to consider what kind of soil carrots, onions, dill and beets like, of course, if they plan to grow them on one plot. The fact is that dill does not tolerate calcareous earth and additives in the form of ash, which are often used in refueling soil for root crops. For optimal feeding, one should look for universal fertilizer recipes that will not harm neighbors in the bed and at the same time can ensure a good development of dill. For example, humus, which is not recommended for onions, can be replaced by a mullein, diluted with water. You can also do with other components - there is always an alternative.</ p>