Among the book styles of speech, a special place is occupied byofficial-business style, characteristic of legal, administrative and public activities. For such a phenomenon as the culture of speech, the official-business style is very important, because with its help documents and business papers are drawn up relating to state tasks, court cases and diplomatic communication. It is characterized by isolation, stability of many speech turns, specific vocabulary and special syntactic turns. Documents written in an official-business manner are compact and filled with cliches and language stamps. These are international treaties, state decrees and acts, legal laws and judicial decisions, various charters and service correspondence, as well as other types of business papers that differ in accuracy and language standard.
This is a special culture of speech. The official and business style, in addition to stamps and language clichés in abundance, includes professional terminology and archaisms. Multivalued words when using this style are not used at all. Documents avoid synonyms, and if they are used, then their style is also strictly maintained and the vocabulary, as it were, is bound in frames, it is forbidden to go out for it.
But the official and business style is plentifuluses the names of nouns that call people on the basis of activity, the posts are always called in the masculine gender. Frequently words with a particle are used not as antonyms to the same words, when they are used without a negative particle. Popular in business documents and complex derivative prepositions and infinitives in the notation of produced or produced actions. Quite a large place in this style of speech is assigned to complex words.
Officially, the business style prefersSimple sentences complicated by homogeneous terms. Passive constructions are often used, that is, impersonal sentences without the indication of the person who produces the action. The genitive case of nouns forms a chain of syntactic constructions, sentences are often very common and burdened with complex sentences with a subordinate part of the condition.
Officially, the business style has two varieties: official-documentary and everyday-business. The first group is the language of such legislative acts as the Constitution of the Russian Federation and its subjects, the charters and programs of parties, as well as diplomatic documents of international importance, such as a communiqué, memorandum, convention, etc. The second group includes the language used in the process of maintaining official correspondence and drawing up private business papers. They include various references, business letters, letters of attorney, announcements, statements, receipts, autobiographies, etc. It is known how much the listed papers are standardized, which makes their compilation very easy. The information in them is short and the language tools are used in the minimum amount.
It is known that English is a meansinternational communication. Therefore, the official-business style of the English language is used in a diplomatic subcategory, when business papers are subject to translation. Varieties of business speech in this case are determined by the sphere of use. Trade agreements and contracts are conducted in the style of commercial correspondence. In the legal field, the language of codes, laws, state and parliamentary decisions is used. Separately, the language of militarized business papers is highlighted.
Thus, the official-business styleEnglish language is designed to fulfill the role of an instrument through which the parties get an understanding of the matter, which leads to the signing of various agreements.</ p>